Battlestar Galactica (1978 TV series)
The Original Series' title screen, as seen since "Lost Planet of the Gods", Part I
|Created by||Glen A. Larson|
|Written by||Glen A. Larson|
Richard A. Colla|
Alan J. Levi
|Theme music composer||Stu Phillips|
|Country of origin||USA|
|No. of seasons||0|
|No. of episodes||21 (List of episodes)|
|Executive producer||Glen A. Larson|
|Director of photography||Ben Colman|
Robert L. Kimble|
John F. Schreyer
Mono (TV airing)|
DD 5.1 (DVD remastering)
DTS 5.1 (Blu-ray remastering)
|Original release||September 17, 1978– April 29, 1979|
Battlestar Galactica is an American science fiction television series, created by Glen A. Larson, that began the Battlestar Galactica franchise. Starring Richard Hatch, Dirk Benedict and Lorne Greene, it ran for one season before being canceled.
Introduction and concept
The original Battlestar Galactica television series premiered on the ABC television network on September 17, 1978. One of the most spectacular television programs ever produced, Battlestar Galactica ran only a single season but has retained an active fandom to this day.
Battlestar Galactica (also known as the Original Series on this wiki to differentiate it from its Re-imagined Series counterpart) was created by Glen A. Larson. The show concept gradually evolved from an earlier project titled Adam's Ark. Although Larson had first proposed Ark in the late 1960's, it was not until 1978, after the success of Star Wars, that interest in the show developed.
Initially envisioned as a series of TV movies for ABC, which would consist of a three hour premiere and two additional movies of two hours in length, Battlestar Galactica was ultimately developed into a regular television series. The "first seven hours" of the series, consisting of "Saga of a Star World", "Lost Planet of the Gods", and "The Gun on Ice Planet Zero", was reported to have cost–"at over one million dollars an hour", according to Galactica's publicist, Joe Santley–over $7 million dollars. However, this figure is contradicted by Richard Colla, who revealed that the budgets for the three-hour pilot were nine million dollars alone, despite the fact that it was sold to ABC for 1.8 million.
To defray costs, the three hour premiere was re-cut as a theatrical release. Several weeks before the TV series premiered in America, the series pilot appeared as a two hour film in Canada, Europe and Japan. Opening on July 7, 1978, the theatrical release did quite well, given modest expectations.
The three hour Galactica pilot first broadcast on ABC on September 17, 1978. For the next eight months, 17 original episodes of the series were aired, totaling 24 hours of broadcasting (including commercial breaks).
Cast and characters
- Richard Hatch as Captain Apollo, Viper pilot, commander of the Blue Squadron.
- Dirk Benedict as Lieutenant Starbuck, one of the finest Viper pilots, womanizer and fumarello-smoker.
- Lorne Greene as Commander Adama, commander of battlestar Galactica, leader of the fleet of refugees, military and religious leader.
- Herbert Jefferson, Jr. as Lieutenant Boomer, Viper pilot, Starbuck's close friend and antithesis.
- John Colicos as Count Baltar, ambassador sent to negotiate the Cimtar peace accord the Cylons, but who reveals himself as a traitor of the Twelve Colonies.
- Maren Jensen as Athena, Adama's daughter and Apollo's sister, a Galactica's officer.
- Noah Hathaway as Boxey, Serina's son, and Apollo's adoptive son.
- Laurette Spang as Cassiopeia, Galactica's medical assistant (she was a socialator in the pilot).
- Anne Lockhart as Lieutenant Sheba, daughter of Commander Cain, Pegasus Viper pilot assigned to Galactica after the apparent loss of her battlestar.
- Terry Carter as Colonel Tigh, executive officer aboard Galactica.
Battlestar Galactica episodes
During its single season, the series went through a few phases, as the Fleet got farther away from the Colonies, and closer to Earth. After the initial series pilot, where the Fleet visited Carillon, the next stop was the mythic planet Kobol where the ancient birthplace of humanity was found. Together, these two stories established the mythos of the series.
Lastly, the Cylons, who had been absent for awhile, were reintroduced in the final episode of the series.
The opening narration to "Saga of a Star World":
- "There are those who believe that life here began out there, far across the universe, with tribes of humans who may have been the forefathers of the Egyptians, or the Toltecs or the Mayans, that they may have been the architects of the great pyramids, or the lost civilizations of Lemuria or Atlantis. Some believe that there may yet be brothers of man who even now fight to survive somewhere beyond the heavens."
The opening narration of the the theatrical release is slightly different.
The opening narration used starting from "Lost Planet of the Gods", Part I is a shortened version of the previous one:
- "There are those who believe that life here began out there, far across the universe, with tribes of humans who may have been the forefathers of the Egyptians, or the Toltecs, or the Mayans. Some believe that there may yet be brothers of man who even now fight to survive, somewhere beyond the heavens."
- "Fleeing from the Cylon tyranny, the last Battlestar, Galactica, leads a ragtag, fugitive fleet, on a lonely quest—for a shining planet known as Earth."
In recent years, Glen Larson's son, Chris, discovered various memorabilia from his father's personal collection. In addition to packets for the official Battlestar Galactica Fan Club, he also came across a treatment for the second season of Battlestar Galactica. In the treatment, many changes were proposed, including the reduction of the cast size, the addition of Issac Asimov as a story and science consultant, and massive character changes.
While it is uncertain as to whether this document ever made it to Universal Studios, the document does shed light on the origin of various concepts introduced in Galactica 1980. These concepts included the human android Cylons, the concept of Boomer being Galactica's executive officer, and the character of "Troy".
Cancellation and rebirths (of a sort)
Citing declining ratings and cost overruns, ABC canceled Battlestar Galactica in April 1979. Its last episode, "The Hand of God", was broadcast on April 29. Fans were generally shocked to find the series canceled as viewership was reasonably robust. However, after some years, some fans believe that ABC pulled the plug on the show after ratings began to drop after network executives ordered changes to storylines that resulted in a less appealing, "family oriented" format, as well as a distaste for the show and desire for more profitable fare. Some fans were more philosophical, believing that a continuation series or revival was possible, as it was for shows such as Star Trek and Night Gallery.
After the series's cancellation, the pilot was edited together into a new theatrical release, with certain scenes trimmed or edited out completely. This release is notable for the incorporation of the Sensurround enhancement system first introduced in the film Earthquake in 1974, and is considered by most critics as perhaps the only film where the technology was used properly. It was, in fact, the last of only four films ever released in the US to feature Sensurround.
Special effects shots from the series were reused in the low-budget 1988 film Space Mutiny, which later had the dubious honor of being mocked on Mystery Science Theater 3000.
A series spin-off did appear several months later in the form of Galactica 1980. Despite initially promising ratings, the show became victim to questionable writing that was heavily influenced by science fiction clichés. The show was generally panned by critics and fans alike (with the exception of its last episode). Galactica 1980 was canceled after only 10 episodes.
Despite three attempts over the years to launch a continuation motion picture or series (the Battlestar Atlantis project from Glen Larson, the Battlestar Galactica: The Second Coming project by Richard Hatch, and the studio-endorsed Singer-DeSanto project), it would be approximately 23 years later before Battlestar fans would see a new series, but as a reboot, or "re-imagined" version where the central theme remained, but a far darker storyline and significant character changes that would introduce a new facet in the Battlestar universe.
Original Series fans also enjoyed new stories (which generally ignored Galactica 1980 plotlines) in several novels and comic books. As of 2007, Dynamite Comics publishes an Original Series comic as well as several comics based in the Re-imagined Series continuity.
- By convention on Battlestar Wiki, the 1978 Battlestar Galactica TV series is also referenced as the Original Series (abbreviated TOS) to differentiate it from its re-imagined counterpart Battlestar Galactica created by Ronald D. Moore and David Eick (referenced as the "Re-imagined Series" or abbreviated "TRS").
- Meyers, Richard (August 1978). "Get Ready For... BATTLE STAR "GALACTICA"". Starlog. pp. 52–53.
- Egnor, Mike (29 April 2008). "Richard Colla GALACTICA.TV Interview". Retrieved 30 April 2008.
- Who Killed Battlestar?, Editorial, by William J. Adams, Fantastic Films magazine (defunct), issue #29, June 1982.
|This page uses some contents from the original Battlestar Wiki created by Joe Beaudoin Jr. The original article has been written in Battlestar Galactica (TOS). The revision history can be seen in the Revision history page. Battlestar Wiki text is available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Licence (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0). If you want to reuse it you have to distribute it under the same license.|